Wage gap between Immigrant and Canadian-born workers


This brief analysis refers to workers (aged 25 to 54) with university education who worked full-time and full year in 20101.

Immigrant workers had lower wages than their Canadian-born counterparts. Based on median wages, male immigrants earned $10,822 less than the Canadian-born counterpart. In other words, male immigrants earned 86 cents for every dollar earned by Canadian-born workers.

Female immigrants earned $11,126 less than Canadian-born women; they earned 83 cents for every dollar earned by their Canadian counterpart.

The wage difference between non-visible minority and visible minority workers was even higher. A visible minority man earned 81 cents for every dollar earned by a non-visible minority worker. As for visible minority women, they earned 20% less than non-visible minority woman.

Among visible minorities, Filipinos reported the lowest median wage of $50,795 (men), and $40,165 (women).

In contrast, Japanese workers reported the highest median wage of $76,566 (men) and $58,165 (women).

In regards to language, male workers with a non-official language as their mother tongue earned $13,700 less than workers with English language, and $5,800 less than workers with French as their mother tongue.

Among women, the wage differences were higher; women with a non-official language earned $13,600 less than women with English language and $7,600 less than women with French as their mother tongue.

1 This is the most recent data that allows us to make some “reasonable” comparisons. However, the accuracy might be questionable since the data comes from the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS). Please use it cautiously.

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