Immigrants and Employment – August 2016

unemployment-aug16

Canada’s Employment

Canada’s economy adds 26,200 jobs in August.

In August 2016, there were 1,361,100 unemployed in Canada; 7% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions rose by 52,200 and part-time positions decreased by 26,000.

The goods-producing sector added 10,800 jobs and the services-producing sector 15,400 jobs.

In the goods-producing sector, the Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas gained the most jobs (4,400)

In the services-producing sector, the Professional, scientific technical services lost the most jobs (23,100).

Unemployment1

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rate of 9.9% and even higher among Canadian-born workers (10.1%).

Quebec kept the highest unemployment rate of recent immigrants (17.1%), followed by Prince Edward Island (16.7%) and Ontario (11.7%).

Canada: Unemployment Rates1 (August 2016)
LANDED IMMIGRANTS
Geography Total Pop. 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 5.9 10.9 8 5.4 5.5
Newfoundland 9.9 x x x 10.1
Prince Edward Island 7.2 16.7 x x 7
Nova Scotia 6.8 9.4 x x 6.7
New Brunswick 7.3 x .. x 7.4
Quebec 5.8 17.1 9.8 6.2 5
Ontario 5.6 11.7 7.5 5.3 5.2
Manitoba 5.3 5.2 4.1 5.1 5.4
Saskatchewan 5.5 6.6 x 5.3 5.6
Alberta 7.3 6.4 11.6 8.2 6.7
British Columbia 5.1 9.9 5.7 3.4 5.2
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

Education1

Among workers with no degree and university degree, immigrants who landed in the past five years had the highest unemployment rates of 15.6% and 12.5% respectively.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by level of education and immigration status (August 2016)
No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 15.6 9.1 x 7.6 12.5
Immigrants 5-10 years 11.5 6.2 x 6.7 9.2
Immigrants 10+ 7.6 6.1 6.4 5 5
Born in Canada 11.4 6.6 7.6 5.1 3.9
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

1 Core-aged workers (aged 25 to 54)

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