Immigrants in the Canadian Labour Market -May 2016

oil-pump-jack

Highlights

Canada’s economy adds 13,800 jobs in May.

Full-time positions increased by 60,450 and part-time positions fell by 46,800.

The goods-producing sector added 19,000 jobs while the services-producing sector lost 5,200 jobs.

Important changes in employment were observed in Ontario, Quebec and Alberta. Ontario added 21,000 jobs with the biggest increase in the construction industry (24,600). Quebec added 21,600 jobs with the largest increase in the business building and other support services (14,800). Alberta lost 24,100 jobs with the biggest decline in the forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, and oil and gas industries (11,500).

Unemployment

Number unemployed: 1,346,500

Canada’s unemployment rate: 6.9% (adjusted)

Provincially, Quebec registered the highest unemployment* rate of Canadian-born workers (9.1%) and of landed immigrants (14.7%).

Canada: Unemployment* Rates by Province (May 2016)
Landed Immigrants
Geography TOTAL Canadian Born Total 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years
Canada 6.2 7.3 10.6 8.5 6.1 5.7
Newfoundland 12.3 x x .. x 12.6
Prince Edward Island 9.5 x x x x 9.8
Nova Scotia 7.6 6.7 8.6 x x 7.7
New Brunswick 9.2 x x x x 9.5
Quebec 6.4 9.1 14.7 8.2 7.7 5.7
Ontario 5.7 6.7 10.8 8.9 5.5 5
Manitoba 4.7 5.1 7 2.8 5.1 4.5
Saskatchewan 5.8 6.2 8.1 6.4 3 5.8
Alberta 7.2 8.8 8.7 11.6 7.7 6.7
British Columbia 5.6 6.7 10.1 7.1 6.1 4.8
Unadjusted for seasonality.

Source: Statistics Canada 2016

Education*

Among workers with no degree, immigrants who landed in Canada the past five to 10 years had the highest unemployment rate of 14.4%.

Among workers with high school and some postsecondary education, immigrants who have landed in Canada in the past 5 years had the highest unemployment rate of 13.7% and 18.6% respectively.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by Level of Education and immigration status (May 2016)
No degree High school** High School*** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 12.3 13.7 18.6 8.9 10
Immigrants 5-10 years 14.4 6.6 11.9 9.3 7.9
Immigrants 10+ 10.2 6.5 7.1 6.4 5.2
Born in Canada 13.3 8.1 9 5.4 2.5
**Graduate
***And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

*core-working age (25-54)

Leave a Reply