Immigrants in the Canadian Labour Market -June 2016

Labour Market June 2016

Highlights

Canada’s economy shed 700 jobs in June.

Full-time positions decreased by 40,100 and part-time positions grew by 39,400.

The goods-producing sector lost 46,200 jobs while the services-producing sector added 45,500 jobs.

Almost all provinces lost jobs in the goods-producing sector except Prince Edward Island. The largest decreases were in Ontario and Quebec (manufacturing) and Alberta (construction) together shed 33,500.

The largest employment increases in the services-producing sector were in British Columbia (Accommodation and food services) and Ontario (information, culture and recreation).

Unemployment

In June 2016, there were 1,326,300 unemployed in Canada.

Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rate of 12% and among Canadian-born workers (12.3%).

Recent immigrants had the highest unemployment rate of 18.3% in Quebec.

Canada: Unemployment Rates (June 2016)
Landed Immigrants
Geography TOTAL 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 6.9 11.6 9.5 6.3 6.7
Newfoundland 12 x x x 12.3
Prince Edward Island 10.4 12.5 x 9.5 10.4
Nova Scotia 8 7.3 x 3.8 8.2
New Brunswick 10 x x 8.2 10.1
Quebec 7.2 18.3 10.6 7.9 6.6
Ontario 6.6 11 9 6 6.3
Manitoba 5.9 6.7 5.4 4.8 5.9
Saskatchewan 6.1 9.6 6.1 2.6 6.1
Alberta 8 9.5 13.4 9 7.3
British Columbia 5.7 10.2 7.5 5.1 5.4
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

Education1

Among workers with no degree, immigrants who landed in the past 5-10 years had the highest unemployment rate of 14.3%.

Among workers with high school and some postsecondary education, immigrants who have landed in Canada in the past 5 years had the highest unemployment rate of 14.4% and 16% respectively.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degrees were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by level of education and immigration status. June 2016
No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 14.3 14.4 16 8.9 10.3
Immigrants 5-10 years 11.7 5.5 10.1 8.9 8.2
Immigrants 10+ 9.2 5.5 6 5.6 5.2
Born in Canada 12.1 7.3 8.7 5 2.4
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

1 core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

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