Immigrants in the Canadian Labour Market – April 2016

Labour Market 2016

Highlights

Canada’s economy sheds 2,100 jobs in April.

Full-time positions decreased by 2,400 and part-time positions increased by 400.

The services-producing sector added 35,000 jobs while the goods-producing sector lost 37,100 jobs.

Notable changes in employment were registered in Ontario and Alberta. Ontario shed 23,400 jobs in the goods-producing services (mainly in the construction sector) and gained 20,000. Alberta lost 11,300 in the goods-producing sector (mainly the oil and gas industry) and 9,500 in the service sector.

Unemployment*

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest overall unemployment rate of 13.5% and also among Canadian-born workers (13.8%).

Provincially, Quebec had the highest unemployment rate of landed immigrants (9.2%) and of immigrants who landed in the past five years (12.9%).

Canada: Unemployment rates (April 2016)
Landed Immigrants
Geography TOTAL Canadian Born Total 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years
Canada 6.6 6.2 7.5 11.3 8.8 6.2
Newfoundland 13.5 13.8 x x .. x
Prince Edward Island 11.2 11.6 7.1 x x x
Nova Scotia 8.8 8.8 8.2 10.2 x 6.4
New Brunswick 9.7 10 4.5 x x x
Quebec 6.9 6.3 9.2 12.9 8.9 8.2
Ontario 6 5.3 7 12.7 10 5.4
Manitoba 5 4.7 5.6 7 4 5.8
Saskatchewan 6 6 6.2 7.7 7.2 3.1
Alberta 7.3 7 8.5 10.3 9.4 7.4
British Columbia 5.9 5.2 7 9.4 7 6.6
Source: Statistics Canada

Education*

Among workers with no degree, immigrants who landed in Canada the past five to 10 years had the highest unemployment rate of 15.1%.

Among workers with highs school and some postsecondary education, immigrants who have landed in Canada in the past 5 years had the highest unemployment rate of 12.8% and 14.1% respectively.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates for immigrants with university degrees were higher than those for the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment rates by level of education and immigration status
No degree High school** High School*** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 15 12.8 14.1 9.9 11
Immigrants 5-10 years 15.5 7.4 10.9 9.6 8
Immigrants 10+ 10.2 6.5 6.7 6.5 5.4
Born in Canada 15.1 8.5 9.2 5.9 2.7
**Graduate
***And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada

Note:

* Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

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