Immigrants and Employment – September 2016

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Canada’s Employment

Canada’s economy adds 67,200 jobs in September 2016.

In September, there were 1,363,100 unemployed in Canada; 7% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions rose by 23,000 and part-time positions by 44,100.

The goods-producing sector added 11,600 jobs and the services-producing sector 55,500 jobs.

In the goods-producing sector, construction gained the most jobs (6,400)

In the services-producing sector, the bureaucracy gained the most jobs (18,900).



Canada’s Unemployment1

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rate of 10.5% and even higher among Canadian-born workers (10.6%).

Quebec kept the highest unemployment rate of recent immigrants (13.6%), followed by Ontario (11.9%) and Nova Scotia (11.9%).

Canada: Unemployment Rates1 (September 2016)
LANDED IMMIGRANTS
Geography Total Pop. 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 5.9 10.3 7.3 5.8 5.5
Newfoundland 10.5 x x x 10.6
Prince Edward Island 7.6 x x x 7.4
Nova Scotia 6.8 10.9 x x 6.6
New Brunswick 6.9 x .. x 7.1
Quebec 5.7 13.6 8.3 7.5 4.9
Ontario 5.6 11.9 6.6 5.5 5.1
Manitoba 5.5 5.3 5.7 6.1 5.4
Saskatchewan 5.6 7.1 x 6.5 5.5
Alberta 7.2 6.8 11.2 8.6 6.5
British Columbia 5.1 10 5.1 3.3 5.2
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

Education1

Among workers with no degree and university degree, immigrants who landed in the past five years had the highest unemployment rates of 15.6% and 12.5% respectively.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

It seems that the unemployment rate gap between immigrants with university education (who have lived in Canada for more than 10 years) and Canadians is closing -not because immigrants gained more employment, but because the unemployment rate of Canadians was higher.

Canada: Unemployment1 by Level of Education and immigration status (September 2016)
No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 12.1 7.9 x 7.7 11.9
Immigrants 5-10 years 13.9 5.4 x 5.1 8.6
Immigrants 10+ 8 7.1 6.9 5.6 4.9
Born in Canada 11.2 6.5 6.8 5 4.1
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

1 Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

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