Immigrants and Employment – October 2016

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Canada’s Employment

Canada’s economy adds 43,900 jobs in October 2016.

In October, there were 1,365,000 unemployed in Canada; 7% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions decreased by 23,000 and part-time positions increased by 67,100.




The goods-producing sector added 20,700 jobs and the services-producing sector added 23,400 positions.

In the goods-producing sector, construction gained the most jobs (23,800)

In the services-producing sector, the wholesale and retail trade gained the most jobs (18,800).

Canada’s Unemployment1

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rates of 11.5% for total population, 16.7% for immigrants and 11.5% for the Canadian-born.

Very recent immigrants in Prince Edward Island had the highest unemployment rate (18.2%), followed by Nova Scotia (10.9%) and Quebec (10.8%).

Canada: Unemployment Rates (October 2016)
LANDED IMMIGRANTS
Geography Total Pop. Total Immigrants 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 5.7 6.7 9.2 6.8 6.1 5.3
Newfoundland 11.5 16.7 x x x 11.5
Prince Edward Island 7.8 6.7 18.2 x x 7.8
Nova Scotia 6.5 6.6 10.9 x x 6.3
New Brunswick 6.7 6.4 x .. x 6.8
Quebec 5.6 8.9 10.8 7.5 8.9 4.8
Ontario 5.4 6.3 10.5 6.4 5.6 4.8
Manitoba 5.3 6 6 5.6 6.2 5
Saskatchewan 5.6 6.2 8.1 3.9 6 5.4
Alberta 6.8 8.6 6.7 9.7 9 6.1
British Columbia 5 4.4 8.6 4.9 3.5 5.1
Source: Statistics Canada

Education1

Among workers with no degree, immigrants who have been in Canada from 5-10 years had the highest unemployment rates of 12.1%.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by Level of Education and immigration1 status (October 2016)
No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 10.8 6.7 x 6.7 10.5
Immigrants 5-10 years 12.1 4.8 x 4.6 8.4
Immigrants 10+ 8.1 7.3 8.8 6 5.1
Born in Canada 10.9 6.2 6.2 4.8 4
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada

1 Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

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