Immigrants and Employment – November 2016

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Canada’s Employment

Canada’s economy adds 10,700 jobs in November 2016.

In November, there were 1,326,900 unemployed in Canada; 6.8% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions decreased by 8,700 and part-time positions increased by 19,400.

The goods-producing sector sheds 20,600 jobs and the services-producing sector added 31,200 positions.




In the goods-producing sector, construction shed the most jobs (14,400)

In the services-producing sector, finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing gained the most jobs (13,600).

Canada’s Unemployment1

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rates of 11.4% for total population, 14.3% for immigrants and 11.5% for the Canadian-born.

Very recent immigrants in Nova Scotia had the highest unemployment rate (12.2%), followed by Ontario (9.9%) and British Columbia (8.3%).

Canada: Unemployment Rates (November 2016)
LANDED IMMIGRANTS
Geography Total Pop. Total Immigrants 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 5.3 6.4 8.5 6.2 5.9 4.8
Newfoundland 11.4 14.3 x x x 11.5
Prince Edward Island 8.2 6.7 x x x 8.2
Nova Scotia 6 6.8 12.2 x x 5.7
New Brunswick 6.1 7 x x x 6.2
Quebec 5.2 8.1 7.1 7 8.9 4.6
Ontario 4.8 5.9 9.9 5.9 5.2 4.2
Manitoba 4.9 5.6 6 5 5.6 4.5
Saskatchewan 5.3 6.2 8 4.1 6.1 4.9
Alberta 6.7 8.4 7.8 8.5 8.7 6
British Columbia 4.7 4.7 8.3 4.6 4.1 4.4
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

Education1

Among workers with no degree, immigrants who have been in Canada from 5-10 years and Canadian-born workers had the highest unemployment rates of 11.2%.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by Level of Education and immigration status (November 2016)
No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 9.4 5.8 15.1 6 9.7
Immigrants 5-10 years 11.2 4.6 x 5.1 6.9
Immigrants 10+ 8.6 8.3 7.3 5.8 4.7
Born in Canada 11.2 6 5.5 4.6 3
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

1 Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

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