Immigrants and Employment – March 2017

University educated immigrants more likely to be unemployed

Canada’s Employment Overview

Canada’s economy adds 19,400 jobs in March 2017.

In March 2017, there were 1,313,700 unemployed in Canada; 6.7% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions increased by 18,400 and part-time positions by 1,000.




The goods-producing sector added 21,800 jobs and the services-producing sector lost 2,400 positions.

In the goods-producing sector, manufacturing added the most jobs (24,400)

In the services-producing sector, business, building and other support services gained the most jobs (18,200).

Immigrants: Unemployment1 in Canada

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rates of 14.7% for the total population, 13.6% for immigrants and 14.7% for the Canadian-born.

Very recent immigrants in Quebec had the highest unemployment rate (12.4%), followed by Ontario (9.8%) and Saskatchewan (9.1%).

Canada: Unemployment Rates – March 2017
    LANDED IMMIGRANTS
Geography Total Pop. Total Immigrants 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 6 6.5 9.7 6.4 5.8 5.7
Newfoundland 14.7 13.6 x x x 14.7
Prince Edward Island 10.3 7.7 x x x 10.5
Nova Scotia 7.9 7.6 x 16.3 7.7 7.6
New Brunswick 8 3.7 x x x 8.2
Quebec 6.2 9.6 12.4 7.2 9.4 5.4
Ontario 5.3 5.6 9.8 6 4.8 5
Manitoba 4.9 4.9 7.4 4.4 3.8 4.7
Saskatchewan 6 7.5 9.1 7.2 5.5 5.8
Alberta 7.5 8.5 8.9 6.4 9.1 7.2
British Columbia 4.9 5 8 6.4 4.1 4.7
Source: Statistics Canada 2017

Education1

Among workers with no degree, immigrants arrived in Canada in the past five years had the highest unemployment rate of 24.8%.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by level of education and immigration status (March 2017)
  No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 24.8 10.4 x 8.6 9.1
Immigrants 5-10 years 11.2 7.1 x 6.8 5.7
Immigrants 10+ 12 6.1 4 5.7 5.1
Born in Canada 13.7 7.9 7.6 5.5 2.8
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2017

1 Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)


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