Immigrants and Employment -January 2017

Financial Services Canada

Canada’s Employment

Canada’s economy adds 48,300 jobs in January 2017.

In January, there were 1,324,400 unemployed in Canada; 6.8% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions increased by 15,800 and part-time positions by 32,400.


The goods-producing sector added 5,600 jobs and the services-producing sector added 42,600 positions.

In the goods-producing sector, construction added the most jobs (5,200)

In the services-producing sector, finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing services gained the most jobs (20,500).

Immigrants’ Unemployment1

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rates of 12.8% for the total population, 11.8% for immigrants and 12.9% for the Canadian-born.

Very recent immigrants in Ontario had the highest unemployment rate (9.6%), followed by British Columbia (9.3%) and Alberta (9.2%).

Canada: Unemployment Rates (January 2017)

LANDED IMMIGRANTS

Geography Total Pop. Total Immigrants 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 5.7 6.4 9 6.5 5.8 5.3
Newfoundland 12.8 11.8 x x x 12.9
Prince Edward Island 9.7 7.1 x x x 9.6
Nova Scotia 6.4 7.5 x x 7.5 6
New Brunswick 6.9 7.3 x x x 6.8
Quebec 5.7 8.3 8.1 7.9 8.5 5.2
Ontario 4.9 5.6 9.6 6.1 4.8 4.4
Manitoba 5 5.3 7.1 4.3 4.9 4.7
Saskatchewan 5.9 6.6 8.7 5.3 4.8 5.7
Alberta 7.6 9.3 9.2 7.9 10 6.7
British Columbia 5.1 5.3 9.3 5 4.6 4.8
Source: Statistics Canada 2017

Education1

Among workers with no degree, immigrants arrived in Canada in the past five years had the highest unemployment rate of 19.8%.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment Rates by Level of Education and immigration status (January 2017)
No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 19.8 6.1 x 5.2 10.2
Immigrants 5-10 years 9.8 8.1 x 6.4 6
Immigrants 10+ 9.9 7.7 5.8 5.9 4.6
Born in Canada 12.9 6.7 7.1 5.2 2.7
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2017.

1 Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54).

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