Immigrants in the Canadian Labour Market – July 2016

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Highlights

Canada’s economy sheds 31,200 jobs in July.

In July 2016, there were 1,344,800 unemployed in Canada; 6.9% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions decreased by 71,400 and part-time positions grew by 40,200.

The goods-producing sector lost 4,300 jobs and the services-producing sector lost 26,900 jobs.

In the goods-producing sector, five provinces lost jobs and the largest decrease was in Alberta (manufacturing).

In the services-producing Ontario registered the highest lost in Educational Services (-37,800 jobs).

Unemployment1

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rate of 9.7% and even higher among Canadian-born workers (9.9%).

Quebec had the highest unemployment rate of recent immigrants (17.3%), followed by Ontario (11.5%) and British Columbia (9.6%).

Canada: Unemployment Rates (July 2016)
Landed Immigrants
Geography TOTAL 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 5.6 10.9 7.9 5.3
Newfoundland 9.7 x .. x 9.9
Prince Edward Island 6.4 x x x 6.3
Nova Scotia 6.3 8.1 x x 6.3
New Brunswick 7.3 x .. x 7.4
Quebec 5.5 17.3 9.2 6 4.7
Ontario 5.2 11.5 7.5 5 4.6
Manitoba 4.7 5.3 2.7 4.2 4.8
Saskatchewan 5.2 6.8 4 4.1 5.1
Alberta 7.2 7.4 11.6 7.6 6.6
British Columbia 5 9.6 5.7 4.4 4.6
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

Education1

Among workers with no degree and high school education, immigrants who landed in the past five years had the highest unemployment rates.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degrees were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by Level of Education and immigration status (July 2016)
No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 15.8 13.2 x 7.9 11.4
Immigrants 5-10 years 13.1 6 7.7 8 7.8
Immigrants 10+ 8.3 5.8 5.4 5 4.8
Born in Canada 11.2 6.7 7.7 4.9 2.7
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2016

1 Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

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