Immigrants and Employment (September 2017)

Highly qualified immigrants have higher unemployment rates compared to the Canadian-born

Employment Canada September 2017

Canada’s Employment Overview

In September 2017, employment rose by 10,000 in Canada.

In September, there were 1,214,100 unemployed in Canada; 6.2% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions increased by 112,000 and part-time positions decreased by 102,000.

The goods-producing sector added 10,500 jobs and the services-producing sector lost 500 positions.

In the goods-producing sector, construction added 7,400 jobs.

In the services-producing sector, information, culture and recreation shed the most jobs (23,700).



Immigrants Unemployment1 in Canada

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rates of 12% for the total population and 12.1% for the Canadian-born.

Very recent immigrants in Nova Scotia had the highest unemployment rate (18.9%), followed by Quebec (15.7%).

Canada: Unemployment Rates – September 2017
    LANDED IMMIGRANTS  
Geography Total Pop. Total Immigrants 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 5.5 6.8 10.5 7.1 5.7 5
Newfoundland 12 x x x x 12.1
Prince Edward Island 7.8 4.8 9.5 .. .. 8.1
Nova Scotia 6.8 10.6 18.9 x 6.1 6.5
New Brunswick 5.7 4.2 x x x 5.7
Quebec 5.3 8.4 15.7 6.4 6.6 4.6
Ontario 5.4 6.7 9.8 8.4 5.7 4.5
Manitoba 4.4 5.4 9.1 4.1 3.9 4
Saskatchewan 5.5 7.2 9.9 5.4 5.1 5.1
Alberta 6.8 7.5 8.2 7.9 7.1 6.6
British Columbia 4.4 5.1 8.7 4.6 4.6 4.1
Source: Statistics Canada 2017

Immigrants Education1

Among workers with no degree, immigrants arrived in Canada in the past five years had the highest unemployment rate of 18.2%.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by Level of Education and immigration status – September 2017
  No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 18.2 8 x 9.6 11.1
Immigrants 5-10 years 9.7 7.9 15.5 5.4 6.9
Immigrants 10+ 7.2 5.5 6.8 5.6 5.7
Born in Canada 8.9 5.8 6.3 4.8 3.9
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2017

1 Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

JOBLESS IN CANADA SEPTEMBER 2017

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