Immigrants and Employment (October 2017)

Higher unemployment for university educated immigrants

Jobless in Canada

Canada’s Employment Overview

In October 2017, employment rose by 35,300 in Canada.

In October, there were 1,235,400 unemployed in Canada; 6.3% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions increased by 88,700 and part-time positions decreased by 53,400.

The goods-producing sector added 33,900 jobs and the services-producing sector 1,400 positions.

In the goods-producing sector, construction added 18,400 jobs.

In the services-producing sector, other services (except public administration (21,400).



Immigrants Unemployment1 in Canada

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rates of 11.4% for the total population and 11.6% for the Canadian-born.

Very recent immigrants in Nova Scotia had the highest unemployment rate (17.2%), followed by Quebec (15.8%).

Canada: Unemployment Rates – October 2017
    LANDED IMMIGRANTS
Geography Total Pop. Total Immigrants 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 5.3 6.7 9.9 6.9 5.7 4.7
Newfoundland 11.4 x x x x 11.6
Prince Edward Island 7.6 4.8 9.1 x .. 7.7
Nova Scotia 6.8 10.4 17.2 x 6.9 6.4
New Brunswick 5.6 4.4 x x x 5.6
Quebec 5.3 9 15.8 7 7.4 4.4
Ontario 5.1 6.5 9.4 8.4 5.5 4.3
Manitoba 4.3 5.3 8.7 3.7 4.2 3.9
Saskatchewan 5 6.5 8.1 5.3 6 4.6
Alberta 6.3 7.3 7.2 6.5 7.6 6.1
British Columbia 4.1 4.3 6.2 4.6 4 3.9
Source: Statistics Canada 2017

Immigrants Education1

Among workers with no degree, immigrants arrived in Canada in the past five years had the highest unemployment rate of 17.6%.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by Level of Education and immigration status – October 2017
  No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 17.6 6.8 x 7.8 11
Immigrants 5-10 years 5.6 8.6 17.1 6.2 6.3
Immigrants 10+ 7.8 5.3 7.4 5.7 5.5
Born in Canada 8.3 5.9 6 4.6 3.4
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2017

1 Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

JOBLESS IN CANADA OCTOBER 2017



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