Canada: Immigrants in the Labour Market -March 2016

Labour Market March 2016

Highlights

Canada’s economy added 40,600 jobs in March.

Full-time positions increased by 35,300 and part-time positions by 5,300.

The services-producing sector added 74,700 jobs while the goods-producing sector lost 34,100 jobs.



Quebec shed 19,100 jobs in the goods-producing services and gained 7,900 resulting in a net loss of 11,200 jobs.

Unemployment*

Provincially, Newfoundland registered the highest unemployment rate of 14.2% and for the Canadian-born (14.5%).

Quebec had the highest unemployment rate of landed immigrants (9.4%) in the country.

New Brunswick registered the highest unemployment rate of immigrants who landed in the past five years (13%).

Canada: Unemployment rates -March 2016

Landed Immigrants

Geography TOTAL Canadian Born Total 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years
Canada 6.7 6.3 7.6 11.3 8.8 6.3
Newfoundland 14.2 14.5 x x .. ..
Prince Edward Island 11 11.1 7.7 x x x
Nova Scotia 9.1 9.1 8.9 x 11.8 7.1
New Brunswick 9.4 9.7 5 13 x x
Quebec 7.2 6.6 9.4 12.9 10.3 8
Ontario 6 5.3 7 12.7 10.4 5.3
Manitoba 5 4.7 5.8 7.1 4.4 5.6
Saskatchewan 5.8 5.9 5.6 6.1 6.6 3.2
Alberta 7.5 7 8.9 11.8 7.5 8.3
British Columbia 6.2 5.7 7 7.9 5.7 7.2
Source: Statistics Canada

Education*

Among workers with no degrees and high school graduates, immigrants who landed in the past five years had the highest unemployment rate of 19.1%.

Among workers with some postsecondary education and certificates, immigrants who have been in Canada from 5 to 10 years had the highest unemployment rate of 13.1% and 10.4% respectively.

Regardless of their arrival times, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degrees were higher than the rate of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by level of education and immigration status -March 2016
No degree High school** High School*** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 19.1 14.1 8.9 9 11.3
Immigrants 5-10 years 14.5 9.1 13.1 10.4 7.3
Immigrants 10+ 9.9 7.2 7.5 6.4 5.4
Born in Canada 15.1 8.6 8.7 6 3.1
**Graduate
***And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada

Note:

*Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

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