Immigrants and Employment – December 2016

Canada Immigrants Employment

Canada’s Employment

Canada’s economy adds 53,700 jobs in December 2016.

In December, there were 1,341,600 unemployed in Canada; 6.9% unemployment rate.

Full-time positions increased by 81,300 and part-time positions decreased by 27,600.

The goods-producing sector added 1,700 jobs and the services-producing sector added 52,000 positions.

In the goods-producing sector, construction added the most jobs (5,700)

In the services-producing sector, professional, scientific and technical services gained the most jobs (28,100).


Canada’s Unemployment1

Provincially, Newfoundland maintained the highest unemployment rates of 12.2% for total population, 13.7% for immigrants and 12.3% for the Canadian-born.

Very recent immigrants in Ontario had the highest unemployment rate (9.5%), followed by British Columbia (8.7%) and Alberta (8%).

Canada: Unemployment rates (December 2016)
LANDED IMMIGRANTS
Geography Total Pop. Total Immigrants 5 or less years earlier 5 to 10 years More than 10 years Canadian Born
Canada 5.4 6.4 8.5 6.5 5.8 5
Newfoundland 12.2 13.7 x x x 12.3
Prince Edward Island 8.8 6.9 x x x 8.9
Nova Scotia 6 6.9 x x 6.7 5.7
New Brunswick 6.5 7.4 x x x 6.5
Quebec 5.5 8.3 7.7 7.9 8.7 4.9
Ontario 4.7 5.6 9.5 6.3 4.9 4.2
Manitoba 4.9 5.4 6.5 4.3 5.6 4.5
Saskatchewan 5.5 6.2 7.9 4.8 4.9 5.3
Alberta 7 8.4 8 7.8 8.9 6.3
British Columbia 4.9 5.2 8.7 5 4.6 4.6
Source: Statistics Canada 2017

Education1

Among workers with no degree, immigrants arrived in Canada in the past five years had the highest unemployment rate of 14.4%.

Regardless of their arrival period, the unemployment rates of immigrants with university degree were higher than those of the Canadian-born.

Canada: Unemployment by level of education and immigration status (December 2016)
No degree High school* High School** Postsecondary Certificate University degree
Immigrants past 5 years 14.4 4.9 x 4.9 10.1
Immigrants 5-10 years 9.9 6.8 x 5.8 6.8
Immigrants 10+ 8.5 7.9 7.3 5.8 4.5
Born in Canada 12.1 6.2 6.4 4.8 2.8
*Graduate
**And some postsecondary
Source: Statistics Canada 2017

1 Core-aged workers (those aged 25 to 54)

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